Zip does not have any full form. Zip is a type of archive file format. It supports lossless data compression . A zip file can also contain many compressed file/directory. In zip there are various data compression algorithms are also available, such as Huffman coding, deflate, LZMA , arithmetic coding, etc. DEFLATE is one of the most common of them all. You can think of a ZIP file as a combination of different files and folders (compressed) - which can be combined together into an archive. The informal meaning of the acronym ZIP is high speed. It is released on February 14, 1989, it was co-produced by Philip Walter Katz. A ZIP file typically uses a .zip or .ZIP file extension with the Multipurpose Internet Mail Extension which is the type of application/zip. It serves as the base file format for many programs but usually does it under a different name. When a user navigates the file system through the interface, graphical icons representing ZIP files often appear in the form of a document or some other object that prominently features a ZIP.
Characteristics of ZIP
There are various zip tools available to create a zip file, these file are known as WinRAR, WinZip, 7-zip, etc. Some tools can even unpack the content that is in a ZIP file.
These type of fifiles support ZipCrypto. These refers to password-based authentication, and it prevents from the unauthorized people who want to accessing the content they carry.
Zip file format is compatible for use in all OS (operating systems) like Mac, Windows and Linux.
Aim of ZIP Files
The main and commonly purpose of zipping a file is data compression. Enyone can easily share there media and other content in a zip file without compromising on the quality.
Data compression—this is a way of encoding structured data—so that it also takes up less space when stored on a computer-based system. It basically involves re-encoding information using fewer bits than its original representation.
Advantages of ZIP
You can compress any folder or file to a great extent using the Zip file format. Thus, it can help you save more space on the hard disk.
Zipping supports data encryption—which is beneficial when you are sharing private or important data over the Internet.
It is easy to share/transmit zipped files over internet. This usually helps a user to significantly reduce the transmission time.
The minimum size of a ZIP file is 22 bytes. It is an empty file containing only one EOCD (End of Central Directory Record).
It allows the user to encrypt and secure private data.
Zip files improve the integrity of information and media.