The meaning or full form of Science is “Systematic and Comprehensive Investigation and Exploration of Nature’s Causes and Effects”.
When did Science Begin?
Observing the natural world and paying attention to its patterns has been part of human history from the very beginning. However, studying nature to understand it purely for its own sake seems to have had its start among the pre-Socratic philosophers of the 6th century BCE, such as Thales and Anaximander.
Where was Science Invented?
All peoples have studied the natural world, but most ancient peoples studied it for practical purposes, such as paying attention to natural cycles to know when to plants crops. It does not seem to have been until the 6th century BCE that the pre-Socratic philosophers (who lived in what is now Turkey and Greece) began seeking to understand nature as an end in itself.
‘Science’ Related to Different Fields
Science, any system of knowledge that is concerned with the physical world and its phenomena and that entails unbiased observations and systematic experimentation. In general, a science involves a pursuit of knowledge covering general truths or the operations of fundamental laws.
Science can be divided into different branches based on the subject of study. The physical sciences study the inorganic world and comprise the fields of astronomy, physics, chemistry and the Earth sciences. The Biological sciences such as biology and medicine study the organic world of life and its processes. Social sciences like anthropology and economics study the social and cultural aspects of human behavior.
Science is further treated in a number of articles. For the history of western and eastern science, see science, history of. For the conceptualization of science and its interrelationships with culture, see science, philosophy of. For the basic aspects of the science approach, see physical science, principles of; and scientific method.
Importance of Science and Technology in Our Life
Science and Technology have undoubtedly made our life easier and faster. Almost everything we see around us is the gift of science and technology, whether it is smartphones, fans, electricity, microwave, radio, television, laptops, wheel, vehicle, cloth, paper, toothbrushes, etc. we need science and technology in every area of our life.