IUCN

IUCN stands for International Union for Conservation of Nature. It was established in 1948 and is headquartered in Gland, Switzerland. Formerly, it was known as World Conservation Union. IUCN promotes a long term and mutually beneficial view towards the conservation of the planet's flora and fauna. IUCN, which is the world's oldest organisation for the conservation of biodiversity, is a network of environmental organizations. It was founded as the International Union for the Protection of Nature to promote nature conservation and the sustainable use of natural resources. The IUCN is a membership union made up of both government and civil society organizations. It uses the experience, resources and reach of its more than 1,300 member organizations and the input of over 15,000 experts. This diversity and vast expertise make IUCN a global authority on the state of the natural world and the measures needed to protect it.

International Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN), in full International Union for the Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources, formerly called the World Conservation Union. The network of environmental organizations established in October 1948 in Fontainebleau, France as the International Union for the Conservation of Nature, to promote nature conservation and ecologically sustainable use of natural resources, It changed its name to the International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN) in 1956 and was also known as the World Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) from 1990 to 2008. The IUCN is the world's oldest global environmental organization. It is headquartered in Gland, Switzerland. It supports and participates in long-term IUCN environmental scientific research through its member organizations; Helps enforce national conservation laws, policies and practices; and operates or manages thousands of field projects around the world. IUCN's activities are organized in a range of theme-based events ranging from business and biodiversity to forest conservation to water and wetland conservation.

In addition, a small number of specific issues attract the work of various programs to address specific issues, such as climate change, conservation and poverty reduction. Volunteer work of over 10,000 scientists and other experts coordinated through special commissions on education and communication. environmental, economic and social policy; environmental Law; ecosystem management; existence of the species; and protected areas. All actions of IUCN are guided by a global programme. Which is adopted by member organizations at the IUCN World Conservation Congress every four years. The IUCN maintains the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species for a comprehensive assessment of the current risk of extinction of thousands of plant and animal species. The organization publishes or coauthors hundreds of books, reports, and other documents each year. The IUCN has been given observer status in the United Nations General Assembly.

Functions of IUCN:

  • Promoting nature conservation and sustainable use of natural resources.
  • To collect data, analyze data, conduct research, field projects etc.
  • Working for gender equality, poverty alleviation and sustainable business.
  • It plays a major role in the implementation of several international conventions on nature conservation and biodiversity.
  • It unites the world's most influential organizations and top experts in a joint effort to conserve nature and accelerate the transition to sustainable development.