BEC Full Form
BEC refers to “Bose-Einstein Condensate” or the full form of BEC is “Bose-Einstein Condensate”.
What is Bose-Einstein Condensate (BEC)
In 1924 India S.N. Bose drives the Planck law for black-body by treating photons as a gas of identical particles.
Einstein later generalizes Bose’s theory. For an ideal gas of identical molecules.
Lead to the prediction of a new form of matter.
A bit of Explanation
As a temperature is lowered the molecules of the gas collapse into the ground state.
In the lowest energy state the molecules blur together and form the condensate.
So, Bose-Einstein condensate is just a collection of identical atoms smeared together in the lowest quantum-energy state.
Although the prediction had been around since the 1920’s. It wasn’t realized until 1995 by Eric Cornell and Carl Weiman of Colorado University.