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Nestled in the forests of Sanjay Gandhi National Park, the 109 caves here were carved out of basalt rock, between 1st century CE and 10th century CE. Ancient carvings, sculptures, inscriptions and paintings make these caves one of the most popular places to visit in Mumbai. The Kanheri Caves were once home to Buddhist monks who studied and meditated here, and still feature channels that drained rainwater into the cisterns. The congregation hall with its massive stupa and stone pillars is of special interest.