ASI Full Form

ASI Full Form

Introduction of ASI

The Archaeological Survey of India (ASI) is the premier institution in India for archaeological research. It is an organization frequently seen in the news for its various activities and discoveries. ASI's function is to “explore, excavate, conserve, preserve and protect the monuments and sites of National & International Importance.”

History of ASI

 ASI was founded in 1861 by Alexander Cunningham who also became its first Director-General. The headquarters of the Archaeological Survey of India is located in New Delhi. It was founded in 1871 by Alexander Cunningham.

Current Head of ASI

IAS officer V. Vidyavathi is appointed as the new Director-General of Archaeological Survey of India(ASI) effective from 12th May 2020. She is a 1991 batch Karnataka cadre officer. V. Vidyavathi will be serving in the rank of Additional Secretary to the Government of India.

Archaeological Survey of India Activities

The ASI performs and regulates all activities related to archaeological research and excavation in India. It also preserves and maintains historical monuments and sites.

  • It conducts archaeological excavations and explorations.
  • It maintains, conserves and preserves protected monuments and archaeological sites and remains of national importance.
  • It engages in the chemical protection of monuments and antiquarian remains.
  • It performs the architectural survey of monuments.
  • It conducts epigraphical and numismatic studies.
  • It sets up site museums.
  • It gives training in archaeology.
  • It publishes material in archaeology.
  • It also conducts archaeological expeditions outside India.
  • It engages in horticultural operations in and around archaeological sites.
  • It regulates the AMASR Act and the Antiquities and Art Treasures Act, 1972, among others.

The ASI has specialized wings for its activities such as excavation branches, prehistory branch, building survey project, epigraphy branches, temple survey projects, science branch and an underwater archaeology wing. A dedicated Museums Branch maintains about 50 museums spread across the country.