IPC - Inter Process Communication Full Form | IPC Full Form in Computer

IPC Full Form

Know About Inter-Process Communication

IPC stands for Inter-Process Communication. It is a mechanism that allows processes to communicate with each other and share information.



Inter-process communication (IPC) is a set of programming interfaces that allow a programmer to coordinate activities among different program processes that can run concurrently in an operating system. The technique is used for communication between two processes running on the same machine or on different machines connected over a network.


IPC is an essential feature of modern operating systems, as it allows multiple processes to run concurrently and share resources, such as memory and peripheral devices. This enables efficient use of system resources and allows for the development of complex, multi-threaded applications.

Types of IPC

There are several different types of IPC, each with its own advantages and disadvantages. Some common types of IPC include:


  • Shared memory: This type of IPC allows multiple processes to access the same block of memory, enabling fast communication between processes.
  • Pipes: Pipes are a type of IPC that allow processes to communicate by writing to and reading from a common channel.
  • Message passing: Message passing IPC allows processes to send messages to one another, with the operating system handling the details of message delivery.
  • Sockets: Sockets are a type of IPC that allow processes to communicate over a network, using a common communication protocol such as TCP/IP.

Uses of IPC

IPC is used in many different types of systems, including:

  • Multi-tasking operating systems, where multiple processes run concurrently and need to share resources and communicate with one another.
  • Networked systems, where processes on different machines need to communicate with one another.
  • Distributed systems, where processes on different machines need to share information and coordinate activities.

IPC plays an important role in software design, making it possible for different components of a system to work together. It allows the different parts of a program or system to share data and interact with one another, making it possible to develop complex, distributed systems.