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Now heritage-listed, the harbour is a point of departure for fishing charters, and combines natural and manmade beauty.

At the eastern edge of the harbour’s mouth is the Wollongong Breakwater Lighthouse, built in 1872 when coal shipping was at its peak and decommissioned in 1974. Roosted atop Flagstaff Hill to the south is the operating Wollongong Head Lighthouse (1936), with fluted walls and a range of 19 nautical miles.

In the 1880s a concealed gun emplacement was built on the hill to protect the harbour

The three guns you see today are the original 68-pounders, cast in 1861.