ARI Full Form

ARI is known for the Acute Respiratory Infection. ARI is a serious infection that stops normal breathing. It usually begins as a viral infection in the nose, trachea or lungs and spreads from person to person. According to this report, in the year 2018, only Acute Respiratory Infection (ARI), accounted for about 69 percent of total infectious diseases and 27 percent of people infected with ARI died. The highest number of ARI cases were reported in Andhra Pradesh, Gujarat, Karnataka, Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh and West Bengal. According to WHO, ARI is a serious health problem that causes about 26 lakh deaths every year around the world. Recently, the National Health Report-2019, published by the Union Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, has expressed concern over the increasing effects of lung communicable diseases. Acute respiratory tract infection is the leading cause of death in newborns and children under 5 years of age. Most ARIs (Acute Respiratory Diseases) get cured on their own in a given period of time. Infections of organs that aid in breathing such as nose, throat, respiratory tract, lungs and ears, etc., which can also cause difficulty in breathing, are called acute respiratory diseases, cold sore throat, cough, respiratory tract infection, pneumonia and Ear infections, sinusitis, etc. are the major diseases falling under the category of acute respiratory diseases.

Major Factors of ARI

The increasing pollution in the air is harmful for pregnant women and newborn babies. The fetus receives oxygen from the mother, if the mother inhales polluted air, it can endanger the health of the fetus. Premature labor, low birth weight and stunted growth of the baby due to the presence of pollutants in the fetus before birth. This problem is more in young children because most of the children breathe through the mouth, due to which the filtration through the nasal canal is not done and the pollutants present in the air get absorbed deep into the lungs. Air pollution plays a dual role in increasing this problem among Indians. By breathing in polluted air, fine particles and other pollutants present in the air clog and infect the lungs and trachea. It gives rise to many diseases. For example, problems like emphysema, asthma, trachea infection, heart disease, cough, throat irritation or difficulty in breathing may occur.


  • Watery nose/clogged nose of the child.
  • Having a cough
  • Ribs walk.
  • Pain in the ear or pus will be coming out of your ear.
  • To have a sore throat.
  • Rapid breathing and difficulty in breathing.
  • Fever.