BSO Full Form

The Full form of BSO is Bilateral Salpingo Oophorectomy, A bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy is a surgery to remove both of your fallopian tubes and both of your ovaries. You may have this surgery because of your high risk of ovarian cysts or ovarian cancer. Your healthcare provider will talk to you about why you are having this. After your surgery, you will stop menstruating (getting your period). You may have common symptoms of menopause, including night sweats, hot flashes, and vaginal dryness. If you are in menopause or have already gone through it, you may still experience some of these symptoms. Talk to your healthcare provider about ways to manage them. Salpingo-oophorectomy does not involve removal of the uterus (hysterectomy). But it is not uncommon to perform both procedures at the same time. A bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy is typically one of three types: elective at the time of hysterectomy for benign conditions, prophylactic in women at increased risk of ovarian cancer, or due to malignancy.

What happens during the procedure?

Salpingo-oophorectomy can be approached in several ways. The surgery usually takes 1 to 4 hours.

Open Abdominal Surgery:  Traditional surgery requires general anesthesia. The surgeon makes an incision in your abdomen and removes the ovaries and fallopian tubes. The incision is then stitched, stapled, or glued.

laparoscopic surgery: This procedure can be done under general or local anesthesia. A laparoscope is a tube that contains a light and a camera, so your surgeon can see your pelvic organs without making a large incision. Instead, several small incisions are made for the surgeon's instruments to access the ovaries and fallopian tubes. These are removed through small incisions. Finally, the incisions are closed.

Robotic surgery: This procedure is also done through small incisions. The surgeon uses a robotic arm instead of a laparoscope. Equipped with a camera, the robotic arm allows for high-definition visualization. The precise motion of the robotic arm allows the surgeon to locate and remove the ovaries and fallopian tubes. The incisions are then closed.