The full form of UNO is the "United Nations Organization". It is an international organization, established in 1945 after witnessing the consequences of World War II. The United Nations was established after World War II with the aim of preventing future wars. On 25 April 1945, 50 countries met in San Francisco for a conference and began drafting the United Nations Charter, which was adopted on 25 June 1945, and the United Nations began operations on 24 October 1945. The United Nations is headquartered on the International Zone in New York City; Other main offices are in Geneva, Nairobi, Vienna, and The Hague. Its main objective was to develop friendly relations between nations and to promote social progress, the standard of living, and human rights.
The United Nations Organization (UNO) has six official languages, including Arabic, Chinese, English, French, Russian and Spanish. Currently, it consists of 193 member states, and its goals and objectives are mentioned in its founding charter. The main organs of the United Nations are the General Assembly, the Security Council, the Economic and Social Council, the Trusteeship Council, the International Court of Justice, and the United Nations Secretariat. All were established in 1945 when the United Nations was established. The Secretary-General of the United Nations embodies the organization's ideals and is a spokesman for the interests of the people of the world, especially the poor and vulnerable, The current Secretary-General of the United Nations and the ninth head of office, Mr. Antonio Guterres of Portugal, who assumed office on 1 January 2017. The United Nations Charter described the Secretary-General as the "Chief Administrative Officer" of the organization. The Secretariat, one of the main organs of the United Nations, is organized along departmental lines, with each department or office having a different area of action and responsibility. Offices and departments coordinate with each other to ensure cohesion as they carry out the day-to-day work of the organization in offices and duty stations around the world. The Secretary-General is at the head of the United Nations Secretariat.
History of the United Nations
World War II had devastated the economies of all the countries of the world. And all the countries wanted peace in the world. For the fulfillment of this purpose, 50 countries of the world gather in the city of Francisco in America. Prepare documents keeping the objective of world peace. After legalizing the document, the United Nations is formed. In the United Nations, Poland could not participate in that conference due to political reasons. But later Poland was recognized as the founder of the United Nations.
Objectives of the United Nations
To develop friendly relations between different nations on the basis of equality and the right to self-determination.
To develop cooperation in economic, social, cultural, and other human relations between nations on an international basis.
To maintain international peace and security by preventing any nation from attacking another nation by using all means.
To develop a sense of respect for human rights or fundamental freedoms, regardless of race, religion, language, sex, or any other group.