Famous as the architectural precursor to the Taj Mahal, Humayun’s tomb was built in 1572 by the Mughal Empress Beda Begum. The construction of the monument was overseen by Akbar and is one of the first garden mausoleums in India. The design of the tomb incorporates various styles from the Persian, Turkic and Rajput architecture with exquisite work of stone carving and lattice work.
One of the few surviving examples of the Mauryan era buildings, The Great Stupa is located in Sanchi, Madhya Pradesh. Being built over the relics of Lord Buddha, it was also a major pilgrimage site for the Buddhists. It was built during the 3rd century BC by the Mauryan emperor Ashoka and was later expanded by the Shunga and the Satavahana empires that followed.